News from our rich agriculture history

The farm and rural history website is dedicated to celebrating and digitizing the last 150 years of success in the Canadian agriculture and food industry. The agriculture and food industries in Canada have a rich heritage of innovation, and have laid a foundation of excellence upon which we continue to grow. We celebrate Canada’s food and agriculture innovations on these pages.
Factors Essential to Increasing Fertility

The increase in soil productivity, if such is ever made, must depend largely on the four following factors, cited by C.R. Barns of Minnesota Agricultural College, viz: (1) A liberal and persistent use of fertilizers; (2) the careful selection of seed, which, if persisted in year after year will of itself result in a great increase in yield; (3) a systematic rotation of crops; (4) better

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Eat More

This cartoon appeared in the September 13, 1924 issue of the Canadian Countryman. It was intended to be a humorous take on the Canadian government’s nutritional

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This is one of the first “batch freezers” produced by Emery Thompson in the early twentieth-century. Based on a design he had originally patented in 1906, this

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Outlook More Encouraging

Conditions for farmers this year are more encouraging than they have been in some years. Debts incurred during the boom period are gradually being paid, and with the tendency of the prices of things farmers buy to come down and the price of what they have to sell to go up there is every justification for the increased optimism one meets at the present time.

After the slump in prices

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lives lived

James A. McSloy

SEPTEMBER 5, 1855 - APRIL 10, 1926

James A. McSloy was a manufacturer, fruit grower, dairy farmer, and horseman of considerable reputation and capability. He was most well-known for founding the Canadian Hair Cloth Co., a company which thrived under his leadership, and operating the Martindale dairy farm, which was famous for its Guernsey stock.

McSloy was born on September 5, 1855, in St. Catharines, where he would spend the majority of his life. He was educated at a private school before attending the St. Catharines Collegiate Institute. Upon graduating he made his first foray into the business world, opening a

Frederick Stimson

NOVEMBER 27, 1842 - JANUARY 15, 1912

The son of a wealthy merchant and farmer Frederick Stimson, born in 1842, had many advantages while growing up in Compton, Quebec. Upon his father’s death Stimson inherited the family farm and much of his father’s money. While in charge of the farm he grew it until it was one of the largest farms in the district with 124 cattle and 23 horses over 1,000 acres of land.

In 1881 Stimson decided to change his path and become a rancher out west due in part to the economic difficulties faced by English speaking farmers in the east. He moved to Alberta to take advantage of

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