Scientists are increasingly focusing on biotechnologies to develop more efficient and eco-friendly processes of producing food. Biotech crops that have been developed to withstand pests and disease also benefit the environment by allowing farmers to reduce chemicals use, in turn reducing chemical runoff for surface water and wildlife. Crops altered to be herbicide-resistant allow for conservation tilling practices such as no-till, reduced till, mulch till, and strip till, which all help manage soil erosion, water conservation, and increase soil health. These crops can also reduce farm equipment use (less carbon emissions) and deforestation (increased yields on less land). These enhanced crops also help move toward sustainable agricultural practices and help feed an increasing population.
Pest, disease, and herbicide resistant crops help reduce costs for farmers since they don’t have to spray chemicals as often, saving on material and physical labour costs. Biotech crops require less land than traditional crops, leading to increased yields while minimizing the amount of fuel and time inputs required. This reduces carbon emissions, saves fuel and labour costs, and drops production costs overall. Crops enhanced to withstand harsh environments like droughts, floods, extreme temperatures, and poor-quality soils are valuable to farmers because of reduced crop losses.