Well-maintained fencing is essential for livestock operations. Fencing keeps animals on the property, controls grazing patterns, and protects animals from predators. Fences should be designed for the specific needs of the farm, and should be properly maintained in case of any damage caused by the livestock or extreme weather conditions. Fence design must comply with any local regulations that are in place to ensure stability and animal protection. Farmers must also ensure that all fences are built within the property boundary lines.
One main type of fencing is traditional, non-electric fencing, which acts as a physical barrier. Fences of this type must be reinforced to prevent animals from damaging or breaking through and escaping. The height required will depend on the size of the livestock. Traditional fences are durable and have long useful lifespans, but can be expensive to install and maintain. Styles of physical barriers include wooden, page wire, barbed wire, smooth wire, and wire suspension.