Farms.com Home   News

Abstract: Development and Clinical Applications of a 5-Plex Real-Time RT-PCR for Swine Enteric Coronaviruses

Abstract: Development and Clinical Applications of a 5-Plex Real-Time RT-PCR for Swine Enteric Coronaviruses

A PEDV/PDCoV/TGEV/SADS-CoV/XIPC 5-plex real-time RT-PCR was developed and validated for the simultaneous detection and differentiation of four swine enteric coronaviruses (PEDV, PDCoV, TGEV and SADS-CoV) in one PCR reaction (XIPC serves as an exogenous internal positive control). The 5-plex PCR had excellent analytical specificity, analytical sensitivity, and repeatability based on the testing of various viral and bacterial pathogens, serial dilutions of virus isolates, and in vitro transcribed RNAs. The 5-plex PCR had comparable diagnostic performance to a commercial PEDV/TGEV/PDCoV reference PCR, based on the testing of 219 clinical samples. Subsequently, 1807 clinical samples collected from various U.S. states during 2019-2021 were tested by the 5-plex PCR to investigate the presence of SADS-CoV in U.S. swine and the frequency of detecting swine enteric CoVs. All 1807 samples tested negative for SADS-CoV. Among the samples positive for swine enteric CoVs, there was a low frequency of detecting TGEV, an intermediate frequency of detecting PDCoV, and a high frequency of detecting PEDV.

Click here to see more...

Trending Video

Rancher Researchers

Video: Rancher Researchers

Alberta Producers talk about introducing low-orbit satellite GPS tags, the first of its kind in Canada, on their farm as an alternative to branding cattle.