Statistics Canada says Canadian farmers expect to plant more canola, barley, soybeans and corn for grain in 2021, while area seeded to wheat, oats, dry peas and lentils are anticipated to decrease compared with the previous year.
That according to the report for Principal field crop areas, March 2021.
Anticipated seeded areas may differ from data on actual seeded areas to be released in June for several reasons, including the ongoing impacts of COVID-19 on both the Canadian and world grain markets.
Weather may also contribute to changes in seeding decisions. During collection of the March crop survey, parts of Western Canada were experiencing particularly dry conditions, with soil moisture estimated well below average levels across much of the Prairies. By comparison, soil moisture conditions in Eastern Canada were considered normal because of average precipitation over the winter.
"The main number that people will be looking at will be the canola number," said Neil Townsend, Chief Market Analyst with FarmLink Marketing Solutions. "It should be noted that this was based on a survey of 11,500 farmers from March 1 to March 29. The information is a little bit out of date and people can change their minds. The canola number came in at 21.5 million acres, which was below the average trade guess and below what FarmLink was thinking as well."
Canadian farmers anticipate planting less wheat in 2021 compared with a year earlier, down 6.9% to 23.3 million acres. The decrease is largely expected in spring wheat, which is anticipated to fall 8.8% to 16.3 million acres. Durum wheat is expected to edge up 0.3% to 5.7 million acres, while winter wheat is anticipated to fall 11.2% to 1.2 million acres. Area dedicated to wheat may decrease as some farmers anticipate planting more oilseeds.
In Saskatchewan, farmers expect total wheat area to decrease 6.0% to 12.1 million acres as a result of lower spring wheat (-9.0%). Durum wheat is expected to increase 1.1% to 4.7 million acres.
Farmers in Alberta anticipate planting 7.0% less wheat in 2021, at 6.9 million acres. Spring wheat is expected to fall 7.8% to 5.8 million acres, while durum wheat is anticipated to drop 1.1% to 1.0 million acres.
Manitoba farmers anticipate planting 2.8 million acres of wheat, down 10.2% from one year earlier.
Canola area is expected to increase for the first time since 2017, rising 3.6% to 21.5 million acres, the largest seeded area since 2018.
High global demand for oilseeds has led to an increase in canola prices, which may influence farmers' decision to increase seeded area.
Farmers in Saskatchewan, the largest canola producing province, anticipate seeding 11.8 million acres of canola, up 4.4% from the same period one year earlier.
In Alberta, farmers expect seeded area of canola to increase 7.8% to 6.3 million acres.
In Manitoba, producers anticipate seeding fewer acres of canola, with expected seeded area falling 5.9% to 3.2 million acres in 2021.
At the national level, farmers anticipate planting 5.3 million acres of soybeans, up 5.5% from 2020. An increase in anticipated area is likely due to high prices driven by strong worldwide demand.
In Ontario, the largest soybean producing province, farmers expect to plant 2.9 million acres of soybeans, up 2.0%.
Farmers in Manitoba anticipate planting more soybeans in 2021, up 17.3% to 1.3 million acres, the first time that soybean area in the province has risen since 2017. Favourable yields in 2020, coupled with good prices, may encourage farmers to increase soybean acreage.
Soybean area in Quebec is expected to rise 4.2% to 923,000 acres.
Barley and oats
Nationwide, barley acreage is expected to increase 13.9% to 8.6 million acres in 2021, likely as a result of strong prices and low carry-in stocks.
Saskatchewan is expected to lead the increase, up 24.5% to 3.9 million acres. If realized, this would be the largest seeded area in the province since 2007. Both Alberta (+7.8%) and Manitoba (+10.8%) also anticipate planting more barley.
Oat area is expected to fall 6.0% to 3.6 million acres compared with one year earlier, as global oat supplies are anticipated to increase, possibly affecting prices in Canada. The decrease is expected mostly in Saskatchewan, where seeded area is anticipated to fall by 206,400 acres (-11.1%).
Corn for grain
At the national level, farmers expect to plant 3.6 million acres of corn for grain, up 1.8% from one year earlier.
In Ontario, farmers anticipate planting 2.2 million acres of corn, up 1.7% from 2020.
Quebec farmers expect to plant more acres of corn, with seeded area increasing 1.2% to 901,300 acres in 2021.
Lentils and peas
Area seeded to lentils is expected to be relatively stable compared with one year earlier, edging down 0.3% to 4.2 million acres. Farmers in Saskatchewan, where almost 90% of Canada's lentils are grown, expect seeded area to decrease 1.6%, but this is anticipated to be offset by an increase in area in Alberta (+9.0%).
Farmers across Canada expect to plant fewer dry peas in 2021, with area anticipated to decrease 9.8% to 3.8 million acres compared with the same period one year earlier.
The 2021 Field Crop Survey for March, which collects information on crop planting intentions, was conducted from March 1 to 29, 2021, and included about 11,500 farmers. Farmers were asked to report their planting intentions for grain, oilseeds and special crops.
Subsequent surveys during the year will provide estimates of actual seeded acreages. Data on final acreages for 2021 will be released on December 3, 2021, and will be subject to revision for two years.Click here to see more...