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June WASDE Report Projects Increases to Wheat Prices, Decreases to Cotton Prices

USDA released its latest World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) on June 12th. This report follows the first set of estimates for the 2024/2025 crop marketing year that were released in May. This month’s report continues to use the March Prospective Plantings report as the basis for estimated acreage. As a result, there were no changes to the production or price projections for most crops, with wheat and cotton the exceptions as shown in table 1.

Table 1: WASDE Estimated and Projected Prices 5 by Crop and Marketing Year

crop

Cotton’s 2024/2025 marketing year average price is a projected $0.70/lb., which represents a $0.04/lb. decrease from last month’s projection. This change was driven by a 0.45 milllion bale increase in the estimated cotton stocks at the start of the marketing year, bringing estimated stocks up to 2.85 million bales. The revision to beginning stocks was due to a halfmillion bale reduction in expected U.S. cotton exports during the 2023/2024 marketing year. While global demand for cotton remains strong, U.S. cotton export sales have been slower than expected amid tight supplies, and Brazil is expected to overtake the U.S. as the top cotton exporter for 2023/2024. If realized, this would mark the first time since the 1992/1993 marketing year that the U.S. would not be the world’s top cotton exporter. As a result of reduced exports, U.S. cotton stocks are projected to increase to 4.1 million bales at the end of the 2024/2025 marketing year. 

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