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Potpourri of caterpillars in Iowa

Potpourri of caterpillars in Iowa
By Erin Hodgson
 
I’ve been hearing about and seeing a variety of caterpillars in seedling crops this week. In soybean, you notice thistle caterpillars feeding and making webbed cavities from the leaves. They can be easy to find in early-vegetative soybean but rarely build up to economic populations. Read more about thistle caterpillars in this ICM News article
 
There can be a lot of green caterpillars in soybean, and you are likely to find some every time you sweep. One active right now is green cloverworm. These slender, pale green caterpillars tend to wriggle violently if handled (compared to other sedentary caterpillars). Defoliation can happen in the vegetative stages, but higher populations tend to happen after bloom. Read more about soybean defoliators in this ICM News article.
 
Green cloverworm. 
 
There have been a few reports of various cutworms and armyworms in corn this summer. One that I don’t usually hear much about is variegated cutworm. The ash-grey larvae are relatively easy to identify because of the row of pale yellow spots running along the back. This species tends to climb up plants more than other cutworms and can be found on corn whorls.
 
Variegated cutworm.