Farms.com Home   News

Weekly Crop Comments : Soybeans Were Up For The Week

Overview

Corn, cotton, and wheat were down; soybeans were up for the week. Harvest corn prices have dropped about 40 cents per bushel since May 9th due to strong planting progress and beneficial weather forecasts. November 2014 soybean futures achieved a new high this week at $12.79/bu. Prices were supported by good planting conditions that aided corn planting progress in many states and should limit producers switching corn acreage to soybeans. Nearby soybean futures received support through very tight ending stocks as a result of stronger crush margins and exports. China continues to be the key market in soybeans for both old crop and new crop as demand for protein has increased dramatically. December cotton futures retreated below the 80 cent level for the first time since April 10th. Hopefully cotton producers were able to price some 2014 in the lower middle 80’s prior to planting. There is a great deal of uncertainty in cotton markets due to record global reserves. Whether producers will get another chance to price cotton above 84 cents will depend in large part on Chinese cotton policy and weather conditions in Texas. July 2014 wheat futures dropped below $6.60/bu for the first time since March 12th, continuing the downward trend from last week.



Corn

July 2014 corn futures closed at $4.78 down 5 cents from last week with support at $4.67 and resistance at $4.87. Across Tennessee basis (cash price- nearby future price) strengthened in Lower-middle Tennessee and weakened or remained unchanged at Memphis, Northwest Barge Points, Upper-middle, and Northwest Tennessee. Overall basis for the week ranged from 4 under to 21 over the July futures contract with an average of 12 over at the end of the week. Corn net sales reported by exporters from May 9th to 15th were within expectations at 20 million bushels for the 2013/14 marketing year and within expectations at 2.5 million bushels for the 2014/15 marketing year. Exports for the same time period were up from last week at 45.6 million bushels. Corn export sales and commitments are 93% of the USDA estimated total annual exports for the 2013/14 marketing year (September 1 to August 31) compared to a 5-year average of 93%. Ethanol production for the week ending May 16th was 925,000 barrels per day up 3,000 barrels per day. Ending ethanol stocks were 16.99 million barrels down 312,000 barrels. July/Sept and July/Dec future spreads were -3 cents and -3 cents, respectively.

Historical September Corn Futures Prices

Nearby and Harvest Corn Futures Prices

September 2014 corn futures closed at $4.75 down 6 cents from last week with support at $4.64 and resistance at $4.84. December futures closed at $4.75. Nationally, the May 19th  Crop Progress report estimated corn planting at 73% compared to 59% last week, 65% last year, and a 5-year average of 76%; and corn emerged at 34% compared to 18% last week, 17% last year and a 5-year average of 42%. In Tennessee, corn planted was estimated at 93% compared to 87% last week, 77% last year, and a 5-year average of 85%; and corn emerged at 76% compared to 53% last week, 54% last year, and a 5-year average of 72%. This week September and December 2014 corn futures prices traded between $4.68 and $4.80. September cash forward contracts at elevators and barge points for the week averaged $4.63 with a range of $4.41 to $4.96. Downside price protection could be obtained by purchasing a $4.80 September 2014 Put Option costing 28 cents establishing a $4.52 futures floor.

Soybeans

July 2014 soybean futures closed at $15.15 up 50 cents for the week with support at $14.85 and resistance at $15.53. Nearby soybean to corn price ratio was 3.17 at the end of the week. For the week, average soybean basis strengthened or remained unchanged at Memphis, Northwest Barge Points, Northwest, and Lower-middle Tennessee and weakened at Upper-middle Tennessee. Basis ranged from 17 under to 40 over the July futures contract at elevators and barge points. Average basis at the end of the week was 13 over the July futures contract. Net sales reported by exporters from May 9th to 15th were above expectations with net sales of 6.0 million bushels for the 2013/14 marketing year and below expectations for the 2014/15 marketing year with net sales of 16.6 million bushels. Exports for the same period were up from last week at 7.5 million bushels. Soybean export sales and commitments are 103% of the USDA estimated total annual exports for the 2013/14 marketing year (September 1 to August 31), compared to a 5-year average of 99%. August 2014 soybean futures were trading at $14.45. July/Aug and July/Nov future spreads were -70 cents and -250 cents.

Historical November Soybean Futures Prices

Nearby and Harvest Soybean Futures Prices

November 2014 soybean futures closed at $12.65 up 44 cents from last week with support at $12.50 and resistance at $12.85. The Crop Progress report estimated soybean planting at 33% compared to 20% last week, 21% last year, and a 5-year average of 38% and soybeans emerged at 9% compared to 3% last year and a 5-year average of 11%. In Tennessee, soybeans planted were estimated at 23% compared to 13% last week, 8% last year and a 5-year average of 21% and soybeans emerged at 10% compared to 3% last year and a 5-year average of 9%. This week November 2014 soybean futures traded between $12.17 and $12.79. Harvest soybean to corn price ratio was 2.66. November cash forward contracts averaged $12.47 with a range of $12.02 to $12.91. Downside price protection could be achieved by purchasing a $12.80 November 2014 Put Option which would cost 76 cents and set a $12.04 futures floor.

Wheat

July 2014 wheat futures closed at $6.52 down 22 cents for the week with support at $6.45 and resistance at $6.76. Net sales reported by exporters from May 9th to 15th were within expectations at 5.2 million bushels for the 2013/14 marketing year and within expectations at 7.7 million bushels for the 2014/15 marketing year. Exports for the same period were 18.6 million bushels. Wheat export sales are 99% of the USDA estimated total annual exports for the 2013/14 marketing year (June 1 to May 31), compared to a 5-year average of 104%. The Crop Progress report estimated winter wheat condition at 29% good to excellent and 44% poor to very poor; and winter wheat headed was 57% compared to 44% last week, 41% last year, and a 5-year average of 58%. In Tennessee, winter wheat condition was estimated at 81% good to excellent and 2% poor to very poor; winter wheat headed was estimated at 90% compared to 68% last week, 93% last year, and a 5-year average of 96%. July wheat futures traded between $6.51 and $6.86 this week. July wheat to corn price ratio was 1.36. In Tennessee, June/July cash forward contracts averaged $6.50 with a range of $6.09 to $6.71 at elevators and barge points. July/Sept and July/Jul future spreads were 11 cents and 58 cents.

Historical July Wheat Futures Prices

Nearby and Fall Wheat Futures Prices

September 2014 wheat futures closed at $6.63 down 20 cents from last week with support at $6.56 and resistance at $6.87. The Crop Progress report estimated spring wheat planted at 49% compared to 34% last week, 64% last year, and a 5-year average of 68%; and spring wheat emerged was 24% compared to 12% last week, 20% last year, and a 5-year average of 40%. September wheat to corn price ratio was 1.40. July 2015 wheat futures closed at $7.10. Downside price protection could be obtained by purchasing a $7.20 July 2015 Put Option costing 72 cents establishing a $6.48 futures floor.

Source  :  uky.edu

Click here to see more...

Trending Video

On the Ground - Fungicide Timing for Successful Corn

Video: On the Ground - Fungicide Timing for Successful Corn

In the latest installment of On the Ground, Agronomy Manager Todd Claussen discusses the three main objectives for fungicide application on the farm, as well as the perfect application timing to maximize the advantages of fungicides on corn crops.