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Wheat Gluten could be Key Ingredient for Sustainable Diapers

Wheat Gluten could be Key Ingredient for Sustainable Diapers

By Prachi Patel

Disposable diapers make many a modern, eco-conscious parent fret. Mainstream diapers are made of plastic, petroleum-based absorbent layers, and chemicals that are harmful to babies and the planet. And the average baby goes through 5,000 before they are potty-trained.

Now researchers have come up with a new bio-based material for sustainable diapers: wheat gluten, the main protein in wheat. The highly absorbent gluten-based material, which they report in the journal Advanced Sustainable Systems, could also be used in other hygiene and medical products, and for uses such as flood water retention.

Driven largely by consumer demand, several brands of eco-friendly disposable diapers already exist on the market. They are typically made from bamboo, cotton, or plant-based pulp.

To make an even more sustainable alternative, Scientists at KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden focused on materials that are waste products of agricultural processing streams. “If we want to be sustainable, we need to use raw materials that are renewable and that are not going to interfere with the main food production chain in the future,” said lead author Antonio Capezza in a press release.

The team chose wheat gluten protein, which is the byproduct of wheat starch and ethanol production. That means using it millions of diapers would not be competing with food sources. The material is already known to be super-absorbent. But by chemically tweaking it, they were able to increase its swelling capacity by over 10 times.

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