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Abstract: Veterinarian Perceptions and Practices in Prevention and Control of Influenza Virus in the Midwest United States Swine Farms

Abstract: Veterinarian perceptions and practices in prevention and control of influenza virus in the Midwest United States swine farms

Influenza A virus (IAV) is an endemic respiratory pathogen affecting swine worldwide and is a public health concern as a zoonotic pathogen. Veterinarians may respond to IAV infection in swine with varied approaches depending on their perception of its economic impact on human and animal health. This study considered three primary veterinary practice categories: swine exclusive veterinary practitioner, large animal practitioner, which corresponds to veterinarians that work predominantly with food animals including but not exclusively porcine, and mixed animal practitioner, which corresponds to veterinarians working with companion and food animals. This survey aimed to assess U.S. veterinarian perceptions, biosecurity practices, and control methods for IAV in swine. In this study, 54.5% (188/345) of the veterinarians that were targeted responded to all portions of the survey. The study results presented different perceptions regarding IAV among veterinarians in different types of veterinary practices and the current IAV mitigation practices implemented in swine farms based on strategic decisions. Collectively, this study also revealed the veterinarians' perceptions that IAV as a health problem in swine is increasing, IAV has a moderate economic impact, and there is a high level of concern regarding IAV circulating in swine. These findings highlight the need for IAV surveillance data, improved vaccine strategies, as well as important opportunities regarding methods of control and biosecurity. Additionally, results of this survey suggest biosecurity practices associated with the veterinarian's swine operations and prevention of zoonotic diseases can be strengthened through annual IAV vaccination of humans and support of sick leave policies for farm workers.

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Early Life Adversity and Swine Intestinal Epithelial Development - Dr. Liang-en Yu

Video: Early Life Adversity and Swine Intestinal Epithelial Development - Dr. Liang-en Yu

Facing adversity at an early age significantly impacts organ development and predisposes pigs to diseases later in life. Research on swine has found that early weaning stress induces long-term intestinal barrier dysfunction, but such mechanism is not yet fully understood. In this episode, Dr. Liang-En Yu discusses the study he conducted to evaluate the epithelium component cells, along with the proliferation of intestinal epithelial stem cells and the differentiation activities in an early weaning stress model in pigs.