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From Fields to Policy: Conserving China's Agricultural Heritage Systems

Agricultural heritage systems, the custodians of ancient farming practices, face unprecedented challenges from climate change and urbanization. A recent study presents a detailed geographical analysis coupled with strategic management approaches to conserve these invaluable systems.

Climate change and  have severely impacted traditional agricultural systems globally, leading to reduced , biodiversity loss, and socio-. In China, the diverse natural and socio-economic conditions necessitate tailored  for its agricultural heritage systems.

Given these challenges, in-depth research is urgently needed to develop effective, region-specific conservation strategies that address the unique needs of each region, thus ensuring sustainable preservation and development.

Researchers from the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research (IGSNRR) at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, in collaboration with the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Tourism College of Beijing Union University, published their findings on the  and differentiated management strategies for the items awarded as China Nationally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (China-NIAHS) in the Journal of Geographical Sciences on March 19, 2024. The study highlights the need for region-specific conservation approaches.

The study identifies four primary clustering zones of China-NIAHS: the northwest clustering zone west of the Heihe-Tengchong Line (Zone I), the "Northeast-Hebei-Shandong" core belt (Zone II), the Yangtze River Delta clustering zone (Zone III), and the Hunan-Chongqing-Yunnan-Guizhou clustering zone (Zone IV).

Each zone exhibits distinct geographic, climatic, and socio-economic characteristics, necessitating tailored management strategies. For instance, Zone I should focus on maintaining ecological functions, while Zone II should prioritize livelihood support and sustainable resource use. Zone III's strategy involves leveraging urbanization for sustainable tourism, and Zone IV should emphasize the development of specialty agricultural products.

These region-specific strategies aim to balance  with local development needs, thus ensuring the sustainable preservation of agricultural heritage.

Dr. Wenjun Jiao, Associate Professor at the IGSNRR, emphasizes, "The differentiated management strategies proposed in this study are crucial for addressing the unique challenges faced by China-NIAHS. By integrating ecological conservation with socio-economic development, we can ensure the sustainable development of these invaluable agricultural systems."

The findings of this study provide a comprehensive framework for the conservation and management of China-NIAHS. By adopting region-specific strategies, policymakers and conservationists can effectively address the diverse challenges posed by  and urbanization.

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