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Artificial Intelligence: A Sustainable Approach to Today’s Farming

By Caitlyn Lamm

When it comes to technology, I would not consider myself an early adopter.

I prefer chatting with a cashier to using a self-checkout. I write lists with a pen and paper instead of an app on my phone. And I’m often asking my smart-device-loving-husband, “What the heck do we need that for?”

However, I can even recognize the good technology can do. Particularly when it comes to the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in farming and its role in animal care and sustainability.

Here are a few examples of AI in agriculture I find especially fascinating:

  1. Some dairy farms use AI to milk their cows. The robot can autonomously hook itself up to a cow’s udders and simultaneously track how much milk she produces along with important health metrics. These data points help farmers make needed adjustments to a cow’s diet to ensure she is receiving all the nutritional requirements needed to live comfortably.
  2. While not yet widely adopted, a newer innovation in pig farming is AI to monitor individual pigs in a pen. Cameras can differentiate between pigs and monitor their activity, feeding habits and weight. This allows farmers to provide individual care and also take a pig to market at the correct weight. A farmer I talked to recently was fascinated by this technology but was cautious about if it would pencil out, a valid point with farm inputs being incredibly high right now. Universities have also been exploring AI’s role in early diagnosis of respiratory illnesses in dairy calves with nearly 90% accuracy.
  3. There is new sprayer technology on the market that allows a machine to roll through a field and identify what is a weed and what is a crop. With this type of precision, individual weeds are targeted with herbicide. It’s worth mentioning as you see sprayers rolling across fields, the amount of actual chemical sprayed per acre is equivalent to your large, trendy drink tumbler—the rest is water. However, with newer technology, resources can be further reduced. Drones have also been instrumental in identifying problem areas in a field and applying targeted crop protection.
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