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Farmers moving ahead with soybean acres

Farmers moving ahead with soybean acres

Potential trade war with China hasn’t impacted planting decisions

By Diego Flammini
News Reporter

American soybean producers don’t appear to be adjusting planting intentions despite a potential trade war with China.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture will release its 2018 planting intentions report on Thursday. Farmers indicated in February that their total soybean acres could outnumber corn acres for the first time since 1983.

The U.S. and China are currently applying tariffs on imported goods from one another. If China, the largest importer of American soybeans, imposes tariffs on soybean imports, famers may scale back their soybean acres and plant more corn.

However, that doesn’t seem to be the case, according to John Heisdorffer, a soybean producer from Keota, Iowa, and president of the American Soybean Association.

“I haven’t had any indication from farmers that they’re going to change anything this year,” Heisdorffer told today. “In my area of Iowa, you’ll more than likely see an even split between corn and soybeans.”

Planting decisions likely come down to economics rather than international trade relationships, he said.

“It’s just cheaper to raise a soybean crop than a corn crop,” Heisdorffer said. “With the farm economy the way it is, producers are looking at ways to save money. Growing soybeans can be one way to do that.”

If the U.S. soybean trade relationship with China sours, other export opportunities exist for American soybeans.

Mexico imported 131 million bushels of U.S. soybeans in 2014-15, according to the Economic Research Service. The European Union imported 167 million bushels, Japan imported 80 million bushels and Taiwan imported 53 million bushels during the same crop year.

Heisdorffer encourages producers to keep up to date with the trade developments between China and the U.S. should any planting changes be required.

“We still have a month or so before planting and, until a seed is in the ground, we can always change our minds,” he said. “We need to keep an eye on the situation, how it develops and determine how farmers will be impacted.”

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Farm Type: Poultry and cash crop
Crop: Soybean, sweet corn
Landscape: Undulating
Soil Type: Clay loam till
BMP treatment: Cover crop vs no cover crop
Monitoring: Surface and subsurface runoff

This project aims to quantify the impact of cover crops on water quality at the field scale. Cereal rye was planted in fall 2020, following soybean harvest, and a portion of the field was left without a cover crop. A T-shaped berm in the field separates the two treatments, each with its own tile and surface outlet. The cereal rye will be terminated in the spring ahead of sweet corn and the cover crop trial repeated in fall 2021.



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