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Germany on alert as swine fever nears border

Germany on alert as swine fever nears border
By David Courbet
Sniffer dogs, drones and electrified fences: Germany is deploying a full array of defences to stop boars from bringing swine fever into the country and avert a disaster for its thriving pork industry.
"The question is no longer if swine fever will come to Germany but when," Torsten Reinwald, a spokesman for Germany's hunting federation, told AFP.
The virus is not harmful to human health but can cause deadly bleeding in domestic pigs and boars.
The only way of getting rid of it is through mass culling at farms—a nightmare for German farmers.
Half of Germany's pork production of five million tons a year goes to foreign markets, making it Europe's biggest exporter of the meat.
It is feared that even a single case could wreak havoc.
"The probability that countries like China impose a total import ban is very high," said Sarah Dhem, a representative of Germany's meat products association.
Dhem gave the example of a total Chinese import ban following a few outbreaks in Belgium last year.
Losses could run into billions of euros and the European market would be flooded with cut-price pork.
Farmers first began to worry when swine fever was identified at a pig farm in western Poland in November.
Drone patrols
But it was the discovery of a boar with the fever near the town of Nowogrod Bobrzanski—just 40 kilometres (25 miles) from the German border—that really raised the alarm.
As a result, German regions are pulling out all the stops.
In Saarland, near the French border, packs of sniffer dogs are being sent out to find dead boars so as to quickly remove any potential carriers of the virus.
In Saxony, which neighbours Poland, vets and emergency workers are holding drills in case of an outbreak and using drones and infrared cameras to find sick boars.
Further north, in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, 50 kilometres of electrified fence to stop boars along the border with Poland are being prepared.
But, fearing that a spread to Germany may be inevitable, Denmark is already putting up a fence along its own 70-kilometre border.
There have been several recent outbreaks of African swine fever in Central and Eastern Europe since 2014, which have devastated the local pig farming industries.
"Since it first appeared in Europe in 1957, the virus has almost always been brought into other countries through airports and ports. It has been exterminated everywhere except Sardinia" in Italy, said Sandra Blome, a swine fever expert at the Friedrich-Loeffler Institute.
Sick boar risk
The irony is that Germany so far has profited from the ravages of swine fever at farms in China, where more than a million pigs have had to be culled.
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